Hair transplant is a surgical procedure performed to treat hair loss or baldness. The primary goal of a hair transplant is to move healthy hair follicles from one area of the body (often referred to as the "donor site") to the area with thinning or no hair (the "recipient site").
There are two main methods of hair transplantation:
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT): Also known as strip harvesting, FUT involves removing a strip of skin with hair follicles from the donor area (usually the back or sides of the scalp). The strip is then dissected into individual follicular units under a microscope and transplanted into the recipient area. The donor site is closed with sutures or staples, leaving a linear scar that can be covered by surrounding hair.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): FUE is a more modern and minimally invasive technique. Individual hair follicles are extracted directly from the donor area using a specialized punch tool, typically ranging from 0.8 to 1 mm in diameter. These follicles are then transplanted into the recipient area. FUE leaves small, circular scars at the donor site, which are less noticeable than the linear scar from FUT.
Both FUT and FUE can yield successful and natural-looking results when performed by skilled surgeons. The choice between the two methods depends on individual factors such as the extent of hair loss, donor hair characteristics, and the patient's preference.
Hair transplant surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia, and the recovery period can vary depending on the individual. Patients can expect to see some shedding of transplanted hair in the weeks following the procedure. However, new hair growth will gradually begin within a few months, and the final results may take up to a year to fully manifest.
It's essential to consult with a qualified and experienced hair transplant surgeon to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure and to discuss the potential risks and benefits. Keep in mind that not everyone may be eligible for a hair transplant, and alternative treatments may be recommended for some cases of hair loss.