Dental implants are an increasingly popular solution for replacing missing teeth. They are a long-lasting, natural-looking option that can improve not only your smile but also your overall oral health.
Dental implants are permanent fixtures that are surgically placed into the jawbone and fuse with the bone to provide a stable foundation for a replacement tooth.
* Types of dental implants
There are several types of dental implants, each with its own benefits and considerations.
Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant. They are typically made of titanium or another biocompatible material and are shaped like small screws or cylinders.
Endosteal implants are surgically placed directly into the jawbone, where they fuse with the bone to create a strong, stable foundation for a replacement tooth. Endosteal implants can be used to replace a single tooth, multiple teeth, or a full arch of teeth.
* Subdivisions of Endosteal Implants :
- Screw Implants :
They are the most commonly used implant type. They are made of titanium and are placed through a surgical procedure.
They are placed inside the jawbone and allow for the attachment of a prosthetic tooth or dental bridge.
- Cylinder Implants :
These implants are designed with a cylindrical shape and are usually used for patients with narrow jawbones or inadequate bone mass.
Subperiosteal implants are less common than endosteal implants and are typically used when there is not enough bone in the jaw to support an endosteal implant. These implants are placed under the gum tissue but above the jawbone, where they rest on top of the bone.
Subperiosteal implants are typically used to support a single tooth or a small bridge.
* Subdivisions of Subperiosteal Implants :
- Unilateral Subperiosteal Implants :
They are used when only one or two teeth need replacement. They are designed to rest on the jawbone and are attached to a post that protrudes through the gums to hold the prosthetic tooth.
- Bilateral Subperiosteal Implants:
They are used for patients who need multiple teeth replaced and have more severe bone loss. They are designed to rest on the jawbone and are attached to two posts that protrude through the gums to hold the prosthetic tooth.
Zygomatic implants are a type of dental implant that is used when there is not enough bone in the upper jaw to support an endosteal implant.
Instead of being placed in the jawbone, zygomatic implants are placed in the cheekbone, or zygoma.
These implants are longer than traditional implants and are anchored in the dense bone of the cheekbone.
Zygomatic implants can be used to replace a single tooth or a full arch of teeth.
All-on-4 implants are a type of dental implant that is designed for patients who need to replace a full arch of teeth.
Instead of using an implant for each individual tooth, All-on-4 implants use just four implants to support a full arch of teeth.
The implants are strategically placed in the jaw to provide maximum support for the replacement teeth.
All-on-4 implants can be a good option for patients who have experienced significant bone loss and are not good candidates for traditional implants.
In conclusion, dental implants come in several types, each with its own benefits and considerations. Endosteal implants are the most common type and are typically used to replace one or more teeth. Subperiosteal implants are less common and are typically used when there is not enough bone in the jaw to support an endosteal implant. Zygomatic implants are used when there is not enough bone in the upper jaw to support an endosteal implant, and All-on-4 implants are used to replace a full arch of teeth. It's important to talk to a dental professional to determine the best type of dental implant for your individual needs. With the right type of dental implant, you can restore your smile and enjoy the benefits of a healthy, fully functional mouth.